Saturday, May 23, 2020
This year, I participated in 20 hours (20 SONA credits) worth of psychology studies, which consisted of experimental, survey/questionnaire, and qualitative methods. In this reflective report, I am going to discuss my experience of participating in psychological studies, as a part of the Psychology in Action module, and demonstrate how this has increased my understanding of both methodological issues in the research. I am also going to evaluate the methodologies that were used, and discuss the strengths and weaknesses in answering the questions under consideration. The first study I took part in was a brain stimulation, which looked at attention. It took place over 3 consecutive days and took approximately 1 to 1.5 hours per day. I needed to fill out some questionnaires and do some computer tasks, on each day. While doing some of the tasks, a small current was applied to my scalp using a transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) machine. This small current is capable of changing the electrical properties of the brain. TES is a harmless procedure which is commonly used in psychological experiments. The after-effects are only temporary, and it was used as part of someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s Doctoral research, to see how TES affects attention. I was given 5 SONA participation credits. The recruitment process was very simple; I simply had to email the researcher and sign up for the time slots. As soon as I arrived at the cognitive lab on the first day, I was handed a consent form to tell me whatShow MoreRelatedReflection Of A Group Of Middle Aged Adults Ess ay1438 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis paper is a reflection of a group of middle-aged adults that discuss the biological, cognitive and psychological issues this group experiences. It is based on my observations and my interactions during my assignment one and from assignment two, the readings and lectures this research will describe the most important issues this life span is facing. These issues are evidence based from interactions, observations, and readings. I have, had interaction with this life span segment and reviewed literatureRead MoreDifferences Between Mirror Gazing, Gender, And Self Esteem, Body Dysmorphic Disorder976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMontclair State University. The purpose of the study was to determine whether females were more likely to look in the mirror than males. Females and males were observed at two locations on campus where reflective surfaces were available. Students recorded whether or not a female or male looked at his/her reflection at the reflective surf ace. The results of the study revealed that there were more females than males who had looked at their reflection. Females are more likely to have self-esteem issuesRead MoreSelf Assessment Reflection Paper632 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSelf Assessment Reflection Paper Yvonne Johnson-Cane Wilmington University Self Assessment Reflection Paper In the Tests and Measurements class we were given an assignment to complete several assessment tests. These tests included: 1) The Simple Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, 2) Barsch Learning Style Inventory, 3) Career Decision Profile, and 4) Winward Community College Trio Program Study Habits Inventory. As I proceeded to respond to the questions on the tests I kept a few things in mindRead MoreA Discussion On Field Theories And The Moral Brain787 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand its application to the development of academic science interesting last Monday, I would like to write more about the topic on Wednesday which I am interested in more in this reflection. Again, I will try to summarize my opinion to the questions we discussed in class and jot some thoughts here. For AbendÃ¢â¬â¢s paper on thick concepts and the moral brain, we talk about do we buy the distinction between the thin and the thick concepts. Some of us in class thought the distinction useful, but someRead MoreHow Personality Testing Is Used On A Daily Basis822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesan individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. The following paper will discuss each of these tests. Thematic Apperception Test Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) is a personality assessment instrument. Created in 1935 by Henry Murray and Christiana Morgan the purpose of the test is to reveal the participants emotions, drives, personality conflicts, personality complexes, and sentiment (Swartz, 1978). The original format of the TAT test can still be found. Psychological testing allows the researcher to collect comprehensiveRead MoreQuestions On The Industrial Revolution1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages RAFAEL Z. I/O PSYCHOLOGY FINAL PAPER 1 More Bang For Your Buck? Pay vs. Motivation Rafael Zavala Fall 2015 RAFAEL Z. I/O PSYCHOLOGY FINAL PAPER 2 Table of Contents IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦3 Review of Major TheoryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.4 Review of Chosen studiesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.4-7 RÃ ©fÃ ©rencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..8 AuthorÃ¢â¬â¢s ReflectionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦9 RAFAEL Z. I/O PSYCHOLOGY FINAL PAPER 3 Ever since the marking of the Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)Read MorePersonality Reflection976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDelawrence Reed Psy/250 Version 6 Professor Wilkerson Personality Reflection Personality cares for the important, strong measures of a human beingÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological vitality. Traits relates to an individual being merry or depressed, active or care less, brilliant or ignorant. There are many different definitions about personality. Most definitions are on mental system which is a cluster of mental pieces implicating purposes, feelings, and thinking patterns. The meanings alternate a littleRead MoreJournal Article Review Essay1609 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReview I Lauren Pedersen Liberty University Journal Article Review Summary Spousal emotional abuse is ongoing, significant problem, impacting nearly 35% of women. Emotional abuse by a spouse or romantic partner can often lead to negative psychological outcomes, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, posttraumatic stress disorder, learned helplessness, and resentment of the abuser that persists even when the abuse ends. There have not been designated therapies designed to help theseRead MoreThe Interactions between Short-Term Memory and Long-Term Memory: What is the Messaging Protocol?1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesshort- term memory is a reflection of long-term memory. However, others argue that these two types of memory function differently. Thus, the link between STM and LTM is still a controversial issue. Since memory has been of interest to psycholinguists and researchers, many tend to decode the message passing between these two major components of memory. Is there a messaging protocol that may link both ? To what extent each one can affect the other? This paper analyzes the studies that have been conductedRead MoreEffectiveness Of Psychiatric Programs For Children Essay1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Children in crisis are at a higher risk of developing mental health issues due to traumatic experiences. Several interventions are available to reduce the effects of traumatic experiences on children. In this paper, the effectiveness of psychiatric programs for children in crisis will be investigated. It is hypothesized that psychiatric intervention programs are effective in reducing stress reactions in children in crisis but an holistic approached must be adopted to obtain better results. The following
Monday, May 18, 2020
Literary Analysis Essay Parallel Paths by Kevin Clark We would like to believe that love brings us together, but this is not always the case as Kevin Clark implies in the first two lines of Ã¢â¬Å"Parallel PathsÃ¢â¬ when he states Ã¢â¬Å"Today youÃ¢â¬â¢re lucky, in love with your wife for the first time in weeksÃ¢â¬ . We lead very hectic lives and in the mist of all the commotion we tend to forget to pencil in time for our loved ones, the people we are supposed to keep near and dear. The poem Ã¢â¬Å"Parallel PathsÃ¢â¬ by Kevin Clark is about a marriage that is strained. In this poem Kevin Clark uses several metaphors that reflect on the importance of maintaining a marriage by devoting time and effort. The metaphors that will be discussed in this essayÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is important to look for that hope, because where there is hope there is help. If you really want your marriage to last you have to be willing to fight for it, even though there are no guarantees. You have to put everything else aside a nd take the time to focus in on the issues and try to fix them to determine if the marriage can move forward and the problems can be left in the past. In line 37 Clark uses the metaphor Ã¢â¬Å"a single mutable wildflowerÃ¢â¬ . This single flower reflects that there are no guarantees in a marriage. When you try to work on issues in your marriage it is possible that the table could turn either way. The issues may be fixable and then again maybe not but you want know until you try. If you only look at the negative things then you will have a hard time fixing the problems. If you look at the negative things with a positive attitude, an attitude of I can fix this, then who knows what might happen. But one thing is for sure I would feel better walking away knowing that I have tried to mend the fences instead of just walking away. When you walk away from a relationship with unresolved issues, those same issues have the tendency to follow you into your next relationship and then w hat; you walk away from that relationship too? If this pattern is continuedShow MoreRelatedLiterary Analysis Essay811 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLiterary Analysis Essay: In the fairy tales, the protagonists always gain their Snow Whites in the end and they all live happily ever after. In fact, all protagonistsÃ¢â¬â¢ fate is decided by the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s hand. Just like the literary works we have recently read, including the poems Ã¢â¬Å"Sunday GreensÃ¢â¬ by Rita Dove, Ã¢â¬Å"Sinful CityÃ¢â¬ by Jaroslav Seifert and the excerpt from Like Water for Chocolate from Laura Esquivel, the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ fate was sealed from that moment. Therefore, the most relevant themeRead More Literary Analysis Essay1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiterary Analysis Author James Joyce has written many short stories which were composed to explain DublinÃ¢â¬â¢s way of life. The book is known to his readers as Dubliners. His short stories have been written to help readers understand the many different feelings that were established in Dublin during a time of crisis. During this time in Dublin many changes were occurring and the city was rebuilding from the tragic potato famine and certainly rebuilding as a country. In three certain storiesRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Two Texts Essay1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Literary Analysis of Two Texts Renita Redding Instructor: Irene Robles-Huerta ENG 125 March 21, 2015 The short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Where Are You Going, Where Have You BeenÃ¢â¬ , by Joyce Oates, (1966), and the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"What itÃ¢â¬â¢s Like to Be a Black GirlÃ¢â¬ , by Patricia Smith, (1991), are both about the coming of age of young girls and the conflicts that they encounter. The two pieces explore issues that most young girls have with their bodies and others during their puberty years. The literary elements thatRead MoreEssay on Dubliners: Literary Analysis1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDubliners: Literary Analysis James Joyce wrote Dubliners to portray Dublin at the turn of the early 20th century. In Dubliners, faith and reason are represented using dark images and symbols. James Joyce uses these symbols to show the negative side of Dublin. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Sisters,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The Boarding House,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The DeadÃ¢â¬ dark is expressed in many ways. James Joyce uses the light and dark form of symbolism in his imagination to make his stories come to life. The tale of Ã¢â¬Å"The SistersÃ¢â¬ has dark imagesRead MoreThe Help Literary Analysis Essay954 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"I could tell she dont understand why a colored woman cant raise no white-skin baby in Mississippi. It be a hard lonely life, not belonging here nor there.Ã¢â¬ Skeeter is having trouble understanding why Constantine gave her daughter Lulabelle up for adoption. Lulabelles father was black, but she inherits Constantines fathers light skin. As a result, she just wont fit into the closed-minded Jackson society. The HelpÃ shows us the inner workings of a segregated society against the backdrop of theRead MoreEssay on Literary Analysis on Revelation794 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Literary Analysis Ã¢â¬Å"RevelationÃ¢â¬ Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor short story entitled Ã¢â¬Å"RevelationÃ¢â¬ was swayed by her personal upbringing in the South. She lived in the time where people from the South were very intolerant and narrow-minded towards people who had a different lifestyle and who were of a different race. Because Southerners believed people who did not live up to their wealth or status were inferior, it offered OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor the exact descriptions she wanted for the characters in this story. The mainRead MoreBeowulf Literary Analysis Essay869 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe emotions expressed within this work, emotions of bravery, valor, and ethics still speak to us centuries later. The anonymous author of the poem convinces us through the masterful use of various literary elements that emphasize its meaning and message. Conflict, imagery and setting are three literary elements that contribute to the effectiveness of the poem. The use of conflict aids us to visualize the struggles between Beowulf and his opposing forces. To begin with, we are first introduced toRead MoreLiterary Analysis of Macbeth Essay1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiterary Analysis of Macbeth Having a lust for power can cause a loss in many things. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s as if youÃ¢â¬â¢re in a win-lose situation. In this case, the play Macbeth written by Shakespeare has scholars sayings, Ã¢â¬Å"The lust for power by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth led to a loss of humanity.Ã¢â¬ With that said, I totally agree with their view. Both Lady Macbeth and Macbeth went out of their way to even killing King Duncan and burdening the murder on his guardsmen. Even though thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a common human act, youRead MoreEssay on Rita Dove Literary Analysis1053 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Rita Dove: Literary Analysis nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Rita Dove has written many different kinds of poetry. She also wrote books, short stories plays and all types of literature. This essay will focus on specifics of her writing by analyzing three pieces of poetry that Rita Dove has written. The works we will be looking at are In the Old Neighborhood, My Mother Enters the Work Force, and The Bistro Styx. Through these three works you will see examples of Rita Doveamp;#8217;s use of homeRead MoreBeloved Literary Analysis Essay1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages124, a spiteful, grey and white house on Bluestone Road, a home where many reminisce details of their brutal and inhumane treatments. Many in which are unable to accept their past and look into their future. Toni Morrison concludes the novel Ã¢â¬Å"Beloved,Ã¢â¬ with an inconclusive phrase, Ã¢â¬Å"It was not a story to pass on...This is not a story to pass on,Ã¢â¬ suggesting the path of the characters to come. Throughout the novel, Beloved, the ghost of SetheÃ¢â¬â¢s murdered daughte r and a representation of slavery, forces
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention defines obesity as having a BMI over 30 (CDC). In the year 2000, roughly 30 percent of 20 year olds in America were obese. By 2003 that number had risen to 32 percent. That is a small window of increase. From the 1970s to the early 2000s, the percent of obese Americans doubled. This means that in 1970, only 15 percent of Americans were obese, and in the thirty years following, obesity took a sharp rise. In 1960, 13 percent of Americans were obese. The mean percent rise per year in the 1960s was 0.2 percent. The mean percent rise per year in the three decades following the 60s was 0.5, and then in 2000, the percent rise per year again increased, this time to 0.6 percent. This does not seem likeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In 2013, the Harvard School of Public Health published a study they had conducted that found that on average it would cost $1.50 more per day for one person to eat healthy rather than an unhealthy diet. Ã¢â¬Å"Over the course of a year, $1.50/ day more for eating a healthy diet would increase food costs for one person by about $550 per year. This would represent a real burden for some familiesÃ¢â¬ (Harvard). For the average American family, this could pose a serious problem. The median household income in America in 2015 was $57,000 (United States Census Bereau). The average family size in 2016 was above 3 people (United States Census Bureau). This means that for a common American family, the increased spending is almost $2000, or 3% of their yearly income. That is a significant amount of money that most Americans would rather save, or simply spend on things that they deem more important than a healthier diet. Childhood obesity can lead to a life long struggle with obesity. The National Institutes of Health discovered that Ã¢â¬Å"The percentage of overweight Children has increased, by almost 50% in the last two decades of the 20th centuryÃ¢â¬ ¦ It has also been observed that about 40 percent of overweight children will continue to have increased weight during adolescence and 75-80% of obese adolescents will become obese adultsÃ¢â¬ (National Institutes of Health). This proves that the increase in childhood obesity has led to an escalation in obesity in adults. The caveat here is thatShow MoreRelatedThe Short and Long Term Effects of Obesity on the Body Essay530 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesObesity is a huge issue, not only in america but worldwide. Many methods of preventing obesity exist, and there are many ways to reverse bad choices leading to obesity. There are also many causes and effects of obesity, some are more common than the other. Not to mention when being obese you put yourself at risk for type two diabetes. You can prevent obesity and type two diabetes easily, if you know how to and have the will power. There are many causes and effects of obesity, also there are waysRead MoreChildhood Obesity Essay examples1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesForty years ago in America childhood obesity was rarely a topic of conversation. A survey done in the early 1970s showed that 6.1% of children between the ages 12 and 19 were overweight. Eight years later the same survey was done and 17.4% were considered overweight (Iannelli). Ã¢â¬Å"Childhood obesity e pidemic in America is now a confirmed fact since the number of overweight or obese children has more than tripled during the last 30 yearsÃ¢â¬ (Childhood Obesity Epidemic). Ã¢â¬Å"Over the last 20 years, the prevalenceRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesObesity in our society continues to grow at an alarming rate. America is the richest country but has the largest population of obese people in the world. Ã¢â¬Å"Nearly 36.5% of AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s are obese (Adult Obesity Facts).Ã¢â¬ It is important to note that obesity is defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of Ã¢â¬Å"30% or moreÃ¢â¬ (The Socioeconomic Causes of Obesity). People become obese over times for many reasons like feeling there is less of a need to exercise and eat healthy. There are also more fast food selectionsRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAmericans that become obese increase astronomically. Because of the obesity rate in America, the country bec ame the top fattest nation in the entire world. Because of the high obesity rate in America, many organizations created statistical websites to inform the public of the amount of overweight people in the country. Many clinical websites were established by doctors to inform people about the risk factors of obesity and how to treat obesity. There are many reasons why Americans are overweight, but theRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Developing Problem1197 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObesity in America is a developing problem, and not just in adults. Today, one in three American children and teens are either overweight or obese; almost triple the rate previously in 1963. Child obesity has expeditiously become one of the most genuine health challenges of the 21st century (Ã¢â¬Å"10 Surprising Facts About Childhood ObesityÃ¢â¬ ). Physical inactivity, race, junk food in schools, the mass media, and the childÃ¢â¬â¢s parents flaws are all factors that have resulted in the prevalence of childhood Read MoreObesity Is A Major Problem1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfour decades, the rate of obesity in America has been on the increasing end; two out of three Americans are either obese or overweight. The obesity epidemic has become a major problem in the United States which caused many serious effects on individual and society. It is an indiscriminate problem that negatively affect everyone from adults to children; which is a significant threat to the health of humanity that needs to be eliminated. First, we need to know what obesity is. According to OxfordRead MoreObesity Is The High Consumption Of Junk Food1046 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Obesity in the United States has been increasingly cited as a major health issue in recent decades. In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 35.7% of American adults as obese and 17% of American children. Obesity is obviously a big problem in America. One of the major causes of Obesity in America is the high consumption of junk food. In order to combat America s obesity problem, junk food must be made less appealing to the public. Lack of exercise and genetics alsoRead MoreThe Effects Of Sugar On Our Health983 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesexcessive amounts of sugar are detrimental to our health. The more sugar we consume, the more research is conducted to show the harmful effects that this substance has on our health. Over the past 20 years, the increase in fructose and sucrose has directly contributed to the global decline in health. Evidence supports the conclusion that sugar can have the same effects on the brain as addictive drugs. Releasing dopamine and lighting up the same parts of the brain as the narcotic, thus, making this substanceRead MoreObesity And The United States1317 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesObesity in the United States In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, obesity rate has been increased significantly. Among 196 countries of the world, the Unites States is ranked 19th, and one third of the population in the U.S. have obesity. Reason that people care about how much population is obsessed is that it is Ã¢â¬Å"linked to many of the major causes of death in the United States, including heart disease, some types of cancer, strokes, diabetes, and atherosclerosisÃ¢â¬ (Himes 73). 19th of the world may not seem very highRead MoreObesity : The Condition Of Being Grossly Fat Or Overweight Essay723 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesObesity. The condition of being grossly fat or overweight. Sadly in America this is common due to our poor life choices. According to the most recent data, adult obesity rates now exceed 35 percent in four states, 30 percent in 25 states and are above 20 percent in all states. Louisiana has the highest adult obesity rate at 36.2 percent and Colorado has the lowest at 20.2 percent. U.S. adult obesity rat es decreased in four states (Minnesota, Montana, New York and Ohio), increased in two (Kansas and
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Journal of Environmental Sustainability Volume 2 | Issue 2 Article 5 2012 The Role of the Environmental Manager in Advancing Environmental Sustainability and Social Responsibility in the Organization Lisa Greenwood Rochester Institute of Technology, email@example.com Joseph Rosenbeck Rochester Institute of Technology, firstname.lastname@example.org Jason Scott Rochester Institute of Technology, email@example.com Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarworks.rit.edu/jes Part of the Agriculture Commons, and the Environmental Design Commons Recommended Citation Greenwood, Lisa; Rosenbeck, Joseph; and Scott, Jason (2012) The Role of the Environmental Manager in Advancing Environmental Sustainability and Social Responsibility in the Organization,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦What should be the role of environmental managers in their organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s environmental sustainability and social responsibility efforts? 2. Which other departments or functional areas within an organization are best positioned to collaborate with environmental managers on these efforts? The results suggest that while the embedded role of environmental managers in the organization positions them to collaborate with several other departments or functional areas on sustainability and social responsibility efforts, their abilities may not be fully realized. Beyond technical and regulatory compliance-related efforts to manage environmental impacts and prevent pollution, environmental managers may be underutilized. The concept of sustainability is broad. The Brundtland Commission, chartered by the World Commission on Environment and Development (1987), defined sustainable development as Ã¢â¬Å"development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.Ã¢â¬ While this definition is widely recognized and accepted, it does not provide clear direction on its application or the roles and responsibilities that the various functional units should play in an organization. In this work, sustainability is considered to be a combination of Ã¢â¬Å"social responsibilityÃ¢â¬ as set forth in ISO 26000:2010 Guidance for Social Responsibility (ISO 2010) and Ã¢â¬Å"environmentalShow MoreRelatedManagement For A Small Planet : Book Review1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReview Preface This book is based on the environmental issues which help the managers decide on the strategic decisions that are both economically successful and delicate to the natural enviroment. It will help managers to know about the current global and public issues which particularly relate to the economic activities but the businesses. There are scientific, social and economic concepts being introduced, which can be co related to sensitive environmental issues. This can help achieve a long termRead MoreAdidas : Products And Services1665 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesperformance, Adidas Originals, and Style Essentials. Adidas has over 2,400 stores worldwide. Environmental Analysis In the 2000s, when a lot of people worry that we are utilizing our resources too much, it is extremely vital to not only be socially sensitive but also sustainably sensitive. Adidas is partnering with the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) to achieve Ã¢â¬Å"improvements in the social and environmental conditions of cotton productionÃ¢â¬ (BCI). It will shrink the usage of pesticides in its manufacturingRead MoreThe Field Of Human Resource Management Essay1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfactor in utilizing individuals within the company to achieve organizational objects, while facing a multitude of challenges daily. While conducting a phone interview on September 27, 2016 at 11:30 am with Missi Bowers, the Human Resource Manager and Environmental Health and Safety Coordinator at the Masonite Architectural Algoma Hardwoods plant in Jefferson City, Tennessee, she provided first hand experience within the career. Mrs. Bowers can be contacted by phone at (865) 556-6023 for further questionsRead MoreStrategic Planning : Mission Statement And Goals901 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto spend time, human capital, and money. There are several steps organizations should follow in the strategic planning process. The strategic planning process begins with the construction of a mission statement and goals. Strategic planning needs managers to frequently analyze the internal and external environments by evaluating strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats; reconsider the organization s mission statement, goals, and strategies for continual significance, making amendments asRead MoreThe Main Difference Between Manager and Entrepreneur1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Up to now the role of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial culture in economic and social development has been diluted. Nevertheless, over the years it has become obvious that entrepreneurship has grown in importance and that it indeed contributes to economic well being. Converting ideas into successful economic opportunities is the main essence of entrepreneurship. If we cast an eye over the past, the economic momentum has been substantially advanced by pragmatic individuals who areRead MoreJensen Shoe Essay1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKravitz). Here, both parties came into a situation with different motivations and perceptions. Brooks felt that he was being demoted by being taken off the line management and this interfered with his plans of advancing within the company. While, Kravitz also wanted to be a successful manager and have her team complete their task at hand. The initial working conditions started off well however, it took a turn for the worse once Brooks voiced his concern with his ability to complete both of hisRead MoreCorning Incorporated : the Growth and Strategy Council892 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbusiness segments: Display Technologies, Environmental Technologies, Life Sciences, and Telecommunication. Innovation was the core of corningÃ¢â¬â¢s Identity, because coning is a science based company, Innovation is the engine for the company. Fact 1 : The Formed of Growth and Strategy Council Corning has formed the Growth and Strategy Council (GSC) in 2001 the core group member are CEO, COO, CTO, heads of research, development and engineering and the head of HR. The role of GSC is varied from making decisionsRead MoreCorning Incorporated : the Growth and Strategy Council906 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbusiness segments: Display Technologies, Environmental Technologies, Life Sciences, and Telecommunication. Innovation was the core of corningÃ¢â¬â¢s Identity, because coning is a science based company, Innovation is the engine for the company. Fact 1 : The Formed of Growth and Strategy Council Corning has formed the Growth and Strategy Council (GSC) in 2001 the core group member are CEO, COO, CTO, heads of research, development and engineering and the head of HR. The role of GSC is varied from making decisionsRead MoreHealthy People 2020: Discussion Questions751 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesgovernmental health organizations to a certain extent; though non-governmental health organizations have the highest level of autonomy. Question 4 As a healthcare manager or administrator, what will be your own role, and the role of your organization, in advancing these priorities for better public health in America? As a healthcare manager or administrator it will be my job to advance these priorities through proactive work in these arenas. For instance, engaging in better technology for surveillanceRead MoreBusiness Studies Influences on Operations Function1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfinancial resources and labour that flows between countries. Technology can be defined as the design, construction and/ or application of innovative devices, methods and machinery upon operations processes. This influence plays a very important role in the application of the operations function. Technologies such as mobile phones, laptops, computer and security devices enable people to communicate more easily and enable improved processes. In this way, technology can be seen to be both a range
The book by William Zinsser On Willing Well is a profound guide for writers in any nonfiction genre: from science to travel, sports to management. The author, William Zinsser, was a writer and editor for the New York Herald Tribune and developed this book out of a nonfiction writing course he taught at Yale. Zinsser writes with refreshing simplicity, humor, and encouraging frankness. We will write a custom essay sample on The book by William Zinsser On Willing Well or any similar topic only for you Order Now HeÃ¢â¬â¢s not one of these writers who pretends that the words just flow; he readily admits to delay, paralysis, and even perspiring over challenging projects. Ã¢â¬Å"Writing is hard workÃ¢â¬ ¦Remember this in moments of despair. If you find that writing is hard, itÃ¢â¬â¢s because it is hard.Ã¢â¬ This guide includes the entire process of writing. Chapters address a spectrum of central issues: principles, methods, forms, and attitudes. Throughout the first chapter, reader can see that all of us write differently; we have different styles, we write to different audiences, and we have our own sense of humor. Ã¢â¬Å"On Writing WellÃ¢â¬ offers a very large scope of techniques and styles centered around enhancing writing, and helping to convey the simplest, most effective message possible. After the first chapter, a reader will remember that simplicity is always the best option when writing. Today, our society is too perplexed in making our words clear. So perplexed, that we often confuse each other. Keeping a straightforward message is not only important, it is realistic. One should think of the process as cutting and burning a forest. Just as time is involved in allowing that forest to re-grow, we must take time to rebuild our sentences. The next chapter deals with the reinforcement of what we just learned. To make our writing as strong as possible, we have to get rid of everything that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t needed. Many sentences are too overloaded with adjectives. It is interesting, but true, that the political field has frequently used evasive wording and overloaded sentences to try and cover up the meaning of the truth. The ideas must be quick and to the point, so that to be easier to understand. Decorating sentences with extra words wonÃ¢â¬â¢t earn any respect, in fact, they may do just the opposite. The book also discusses the importance of developing your own style. Zinsser says that although it sounds paradoxical, before we can develop an unmistakable style, we have to cut down our writing to the bare minimum. A very convincing passage was: Ã¢â¬Å"Few people realize how badly they write. Nobody has shown them how much excess or murkiness has crept into their style and how it obstructs what they are trying to say.Ã¢â¬ Psychology also makes a somewhat unexpected appearance in the text. Ã¢â¬Å"Writing is an act of ego, and you might as well admit it. Use its energy to keep yourself going.Ã¢â¬ To be able to write well, one must be comfortable with yourself. When we are relaxed, we write better, and the reader notices it. The sections on principles and methods include the usual suspects-conceiving a compelling opening paragraph, focusing on the audience, achieving unity of voice, choosing words carefully, ending with a punch, and (everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite) revising. His chapters on forms offer guidelines for writing in specific fields-business, science, sports, humor, the arts. The final chapters on attitude discuss psychological aspects of writing: embracing the sound of your authentic voice; enjoyment, fear, and confidence; how an infatuation with the idea of a finished product can impede your progress; a writerÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions; and finally, an exhortation to write the highest quality work you can. The chapter on a writerÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions offers a glimpse into ZinsserÃ¢â¬â¢s critical thought process for his own writing: he parcels out paragraphs of an article he wrote for a travel magazine, annotated with detailed commentary about the editorial choices he made as he wrote. Author takes on an historical perspective of nonfiction as literature, if only to serve as an inspiration to developing nonfiction writers. He marks the change in society from radio to television, and discusses that with the developing need for accurate information. The style he uses is direct and simple, free of confusion, the product of self-restraint. Varied with the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s insights and anecdotes are plentiful samples of writing both strong and weak, varying in style and genre, to illustrate the principles discussed in a given section. In addition to numerous excerpts of his own work, he shares selections from highly regarded writers like Joan Didion, E.B. White, Joseph Mitchell, John Updike, and Cynthia Ozick. My one reclamation with the book is this: I do not agree with ZinsserÃ¢â¬â¢s advice on dealing with gendered pronouns (he favors masculine pronouns when there is no graceful way to avoid choosing a gender-somehow using an occasional Ã¢â¬Å"sheÃ¢â¬ fails to occur to him) and he sporadically refers to collective humanity as Ã¢â¬Å"man.Ã¢â¬ However, beyond that, I find his advice flawless and his writing an excellent model of the principles he sticks to. On Writing Well: The Classic Guide to Writing Nonfiction by William Zinsser (New York, NY- HarperPerennial, 1998),6th Edition, 308 pages How to cite The book by William Zinsser On Willing Well, Papers
Euphemism is one kind of figures of speech and it refers to the substitution of mild or vague or roundabout expression for harsh or direct one. As an indispensable and natural part of language, euphemism has been arousing wide interest. Achievements in the study of euphemism from the perspectives of rhetoric, semantics, pragmatics and sociolinguists have been conspicuous. Thus, on the basis of othersÃ¢â¬â¢ researches, this thesis attempts to do a comprehensive analysis of English euphemisms and Chinese euphemisms by comparatively analyzing their linguistic and cultural characteristics. This paper will probe in the relationships between language, culture, taboo and euphemism. Moreover, this paper will compare English euphemism and Chinese euphemism from perspectives of formation, use range and culture. Through the contrastive study of English and Chinese euphemisms, we can learn about lots of both similarities and peculiarities of the two languages, which are of considerable value and guidance to our translation about euphemism, to study foreign language learning and cross-cultural communication. We will write a custom essay sample on The Study on Comparison and Translation Between English and Chinese Euphemisms or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Key word: euphemism, contractive study, language, culture, translation This type of language is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"euphemismÃ¢â¬ in linguistics. Euphemism is the lubricant of communication in our daily life, business and political talking, even in the international negotiations. Euphemisms are powerful linguistic devices which Ã¢â¬Å"are embedded so deeply in our language that few of us, even those who pride themselves on being plainspoken, ever get through a day without using them. Ã¢â¬ (Rawson, 1981:1). However, every language has its own euphemism; it is closely related with the language, culture, and taboo, so does English, and Chinese as well. For better studying these two languages and knowing more about these two countries, there is a great need for us to compare English and Chinese euphemisms, and find out ways to translation them, so we can learn both two language much better. 1. Basic study on euphemism 1. Definition of euphemism Euphemism is a hot research issues in the field of linguistics, scholars at home and broad have defined euphemism differently. The word Ã¢â¬Å"euphemismÃ¢â¬ comes from a Greek word, Ã¢â¬Å"eu-Ã¢â¬ meaning Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"-phemeÃ¢â¬ meaning Ã¢â¬Å"speechÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"sayingÃ¢â¬ , and thus its literary meaning is Ã¢â¬Å"a good speech or good sayingÃ¢â¬ . Euphemism is a kind of polite and roundabout mode of expression. 3. Euphemism is used to soften or beautify the unpleasantness of reality. 1. 2 review of euphemism Much research has been done on euphemism because of its prominence in language. A lot of great works came into being during the study of euphemism, which lay a foundation for further research. In 1936, in his book The American Language, American linguist, Mencken, fully discussed why hundreds of euphemisms had been born and become popular on the basis of American history and social cultural background. His book is a valuable legacy for euphemism study. In 1981, British linguist Hugh Rawson compiled A Dictionary of Euphemisms and Other Double talks, which embodies the achievements of research on euphemisms over the decades by many British and American linguists. More important, in its tenÃ¢â¬âpageÃ¢â¬âlong preface, Hugh Rawson not only traced the history of euphemism, but also widely accounted for characteristics of euphemism as well as its definition, classification, and scope of use. Compared with those flourishing studies on euphemism in western countries, Chinese scholarsÃ¢â¬â¢ theories on euphemism seem rare, although euphemism in China has quite a long history and we can find the earliest recordation in The Book of Songs( ). Scientific and systematic research had not been done in this field until several decades ago. In 1976, Chinese scholar Chen Wangdao ( ,1976) published the book Introduction to Rhetoric. He gave a definition to euphemism and studied euphemism from the angle of rhetoric. Euphemism study in terms of rhetoric is not restricted to the lexicon level, but is extended to the level of sentence and discourse. From the 70s to the 80s of the 20th century, western theories of linguistics were introduced into China in succession. Inspired by the newly introduced theories, some Chinese scholars expanded the scope of euphemism study into the perspective of social functions. The most famous ones among those scholars are Chen Yuan ( ,1983),who published the book Sociolinguistics, which contributes a lot to the study and analysis of euphemism. In the following years, a number of Chinese scholars published many articles to air their views on euphemism from different angles, such as Yu Yalun ( ,1984), Li Guonan ( ,1989), Shu Dingfang ( ,1989), etc.. All of these papers have widened our vision and enriched the study of euphemism. 1. 3. Language and euphemism Hugh Rawson (1981:3) pointed out the close relation between language and euphemism, Ã¢â¬Å"Euphemisms are embedded so deeply in our language that few of us, even those who pride themselves on being plain-spoken, ever get through a day without using them. The relation between language and euphemism is so intrinsically close that it is impossible to study one without an analysis of the other. Firstly, euphemism is one form of language; we can derive euphemism from family talks, official meetings, literary words, scribbles on walls, telephone talks, television programs, letters, cards, advertisements, E-mails, and so on. Secondly, language is the vehicle of euphemism. Euphemism exists in every language. To some extent, we can say that where there is language, there is euphemism. Thirdly, euphemism contributes to language usage. It is the polite and indirect coverer of some unpleasant language. 2. Comparison between Chinese and English Euphemisms Though Chinese euphemism and English euphemism are both used to lubricate the languages for better understanding, they also have their respective means of formation, different use range and culture influents 2.. 1. in terms of formation As for their formation, by comparing them from phonetic, lexical, grammatical, and rhetorical angles, we can learn more about Chinese euphemism and English euphemism. 2. 1. 1. Phonetic device Phonetic distortion is the most popular way of euphemism both in Chinese and English. Phonetic distortion refers to the changing of a sound in word for the purpose of euphemizing. In English Phonetic distortion includes abbreviation, reduplication, distortion of pronunciation, etc. There are abbreviations like Ã¢â¬Å"TBÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"tuberculosisÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"vampÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"vampireÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"JCÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"Jesus ChristÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"WCÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"Water ClosetÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"SOBÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"son-of-a-bitchÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"BSÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"bullshitÃ¢â¬ , and so on. There is reduplication like Ã¢â¬Å"Pee-peeÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Wee-weeÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"pissÃ¢â¬ , and there are distortions of pronunciations like Ã¢â¬Å"GripesÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"ChristÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"GadÃ¢â¬ for Ã¢â¬Å"GodÃ¢â¬ and so forth. In Chinese, the most common phonetic distortion is the homophone.
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Impact of Audit Committee Characteristics. Answer: Introduction: With the consideration of the several risks for the companies, the involvement of the insurance business helps in the creation of the study of the business risks that causes the failure of the company. The exposures are presented for the entire risks that are offered with the creation of the insurance policies. The insurance firms can also handle the risks easily with the creation of the coverage of the policies and henceforth in this undertaken case study of HIH insurance company; it is observed that the policies are gathered as per the risks proved for the company (Emmerich, Racz and Unger, 2006). Besides this the great elevation of the compensation are made for the insurance workers in the market of the California which seemed to be a most important part of the risk. With this, the company has faced a lot amount of the losses that are proved to be exposures for the high risk prone zones and thereby the exposures are made for the company. The inherent risk helps in the creation of the possibilities of misleading and the incorrect information within an accounting statement provides the outcomes from something other than the unsuccessful management of the managerial accounting. With the consideration of the examples regarding the inherent risks, it is perceived to utilize the amount of the judgement for the approximation with the involvement of the financial tools are made. In this given case study of HIH limited Company, the shares are perceived with the creation of dropping of the share prices and thereby the poor financial outcomes as well as the improvement of financial outcomes are claimed for the fund insurance. Henceforth the outcome throughout the year 2000 for HIH insurance company has paid $1.7 million to the auditors for the services. As per the given case study of the HIH private limited, the financial performance seemed to be mismanaged by the seniors managers of the organisation and thereby the company halted with the creation of the fall of the performance. The share price of the company had fallen sharply that impacted the shareholders. For the improvement of this position, the appropriate auditing of the balance sheet is made with the remuneration of the huge quantity of the auditing services. The auditor also helps in gaining the negative performance for the company HIH and thereby the creditors and clients face the worst conditions of the company (Ianniello, 2011). Therefore as per the rules and the regulations, auditor is responsible for the downfall of the company and thereby the company and the auditor are responsible for paying all the debts of the clients and the creditors. The condition depicts the act of the intelligence which seems to be described in this case and thereby this act describes the breaching of the duty of care with the harming of the person. In this case of the HIH, the facts and the findings determine the harms that provide the ways of the harm. The solicitor Bruce Dennis fought the case against Andersen. Thus it also helps in providing justice with the detection of the wrong information that is provided for the case study. For this reason, the plaintiffs are still suing the justice which helps in determining the breaching of the contract of duty. The breaching also shows the injury that must be recovered with the violation of the acts and thereby the case provides the appropriate ways with mentioning the justification of the case. The negligence of the damages also helps in overlooking the provision of the plaintiffs in this case. Three previous partners of Arthur Andersen, an audit firm were appointed by HIH as a part of their audit team. For the last ten years the people of Artur Andersen audit firm had made a lot of money through HIH by being a part of their auditors and thereby there is an established relationship present between the two firms. Andersen had earned about $8 million by auditing the books of HIH and along with that also provide different types of services to it for which made about $7 million. The fact that the two firms have been able to maintain a 10 year long professional relationship proves that they have been able to develop a strong relationship between each other. Having known personnel to handle the auditing process of a company proves to be very beneficial as they tend to give a report in favor of the company (Krenn, 2015). Therefore in this case, the personal relationship shared between the two firms can be considered as the reason for HIH taking the people of Andersens as part of t heir auditing team. Since Andersens have a very strong professional and personal relationship with HIH, they are bound to give a good report for it. The work of an auditing organisation offers and unbiased report of all the financial transactions that are made by the company and the consultancy firm is also expected to recommend in the different ways with the creation of concern for the company. Thereby the expectations also help in the increment of the high tax rates and also help in maximising the profitability of the organisation. The benefits also seemed to be holding the audition consultancy and the offering of the services that are seemed to creating and biasness towards the company. It also helps in the creation of the services that are seemed to be crucial for the organisation and henceforth it maintains the image of the company. The circumstances of this case presented in the case indicate that the company is not sticking to the basic ethical practices. The crucial reason behind this is the external auditing team which is needed to be unbiased towards he company and thereby it also helps in the creation of the impartial financial report for the company. With hiring the firm in an unethical manner, the company proved that the actual financial reports are made fake with the creation of the transactions which raise problems in the company and also created hurdles for the company (Madi, Ishak and Manaf, 2014). It is proved to a part of the violation of the ethical conducts and henceforth the demand of the independent investigation is made. In this case the crucial breakdown of HIH company takes place with the consideration of the future claims and thereby the main rationale of the Ramsays report represents the creation of the appropriate suggestion that are seemed to be requisite for the alterations. Henceforth the responsibility of the auditor is created for showing the actual position of the company in the market environment. The impact of the changes determines the rescheduling of the programs with adding values to the financial report of the organisation. it is made for the appropriate consideration of the capital and thereby the enhancement of the values are made in order to strengthen the credibility of the capital market. This also provides the recognition of the acts that are seemed to be helpful for accessing the credibility and the reliability of the report provided by the auditor. References Emmerich, A., Racz, G. and Unger, J. (2006). Audit committee membership: The interplay with general corporate law.International Journal of Disclosure and Governance, 3(1), pp.16-26. Ianniello, G. (2011). Audit policy in Europe: 2011 The year of reform?.International Journal of Disclosure and Governance, 8(3), pp.209-212. Krenn, M. (2015). The role of codetermination in shareholder oriented corporate governance reform: the case of executive remuneration disclosure.International Journal of Corporate Governance, 6(2/3/4), p.178. Madi, H., Ishak, Z. and Manaf, N. (2014). The Impact of Audit Committee Characteristics on Corporate Voluntary Disclosure.Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 164, pp.486-492.